The genocide in the Balkans is not forgotten: even 20 years after the massacre in Srebrenica are distrust and hatred the relation between Bosnians, Croats and Serbs.
The eyewitness’s fence skinny latte. For ten days, he was on the way. On foot, fleeing the killers in the East of Bosnia. Now he is there, from the refugee camp at Tuzla airport: Mevludin Oric, Muslim from Srebrenica.
It’s Friday, July 21, 1995, at seven in the morning. A hot high summer day is announced, and Oric tells one and a half weeks earlier of that terrible day: how he fled Srebrenica with some 15,000 other men and boys from the UNprotection zone, after which the Dutch peacekeepers there had revealed the units of the Bosnian Serbs, General Ratko Mladic . And like him two days later, surrounded by a mountain of corpses, the mass shooting survived.
What are the mirror this morning to log Oric, is subsequently to the central link in a chain of evidence that shed light on the worst crimes of European post-war history: the murder of alleged more than 8,000 male Muslims. As the star witness before the UN war crimes Tribunal in the Hague , Orica will repeat his statements later still several times.
Today, 20 years after the massacre, is moot if it were 8372 murdered, as noted in the ongoing Srebrenica statistics – or more. Still, bones from the East Bosnian Earth are dug, be pulled DNA samples and missing files. After all, it is indisputable that a genocide was at that time committed in the heart of Europe. The UN war crimes Tribunal and the International Court of Justice left no doubt about it. Only a corresponding UN resolution is missing.
There are reasons: is the ex-Yugoslavia Bosnia and Herzegovina, a multi-ethnic State inhabited by Muslim Bosniaks, Orthodox Serbs and Catholic Croats, since eh and the bone of contention of the wholesale and regional powers. In the existing since 1995, fractious Federation, Moscow’s special care is the Serb Republic. Russia’s Foreign Minister locks against each resolution which the Slavic brother people would accuse the Serbs of genocide.
The battle for the interpretation of sovereignty rages still about what was happening at that time in and around Srebrenica, now on the 20th anniversary. Mevludin Oric’ cousin has got to be exposed: Naser Oric was formerly Commander of Bosnian forces in the three years lined up Srebrenica and is celebrated as a hero by surviving Muslims. On 17 June 2015 he of Serbia with an international arrest warrant is been – searched, arrested under suspicion of crimes against humanity.
A lot about this torn, long-suffering country Bosnia and Herzegovina — and the difficult search tells the story of Mevludin and his cousin Naser for answers. Commander Naser is not only suspected, 1992 blame in the murder of nine Serb civilians to have been. Earlier, Yugoslav time, he was involved as a member of a special police unit of the repression of the Albanian population in Kosovo .
Later he served as bodyguard of the Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic – calculated. Only with the outbreak of the Bosnian war in April 1992 he was on the side of his fellow Muslims.
Ceaselessly debt with debt charged to date in the country between the Adriatic coast and Drina River and poisoned terrain re-measured. While the alleged masterminds of the massacre of Srebrenica, the former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic, arrested in the Netherlands continue waiting for their guilty verdict, the Balkans still suffers the consequences of the war.
Karadzic’s former propaganda expert Aleksandar Vucic about is now Serbian head of Government. A week after the Srebrenica genocide he proclaimed still: “For every killed Serbs we kill 100 Muslims”. The former Chetnik leader Tomislav Nikolic is acting President of the EU candidate country. He let it be known in 2007: “As long as I live, nobody tell me just, that Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic are criminals.”
And in Sarajevo? Sits the scandalous Bakir Izetbegovic, son of the President during the war years as Muslim representative on the three-Member State Presidency Alija Izetbegovic.
So the old, inter-ethnic infighting from times of war to continue in slightly modified cast. The Dayton agreement of 1995, as critics see it, negotiated under the auspices of the United States have laid down the rivalry between the ethnic groups in unfortunate ways.
Bosnia-Herzegovina is a State under permanent siege 20 years after the genocide in Srebrenica. That can not hide the approved stability and association agreement on 1 June in an act of desperation by the EU. The Sarajevo from managed weak overall State, consisting of two warring republics, has an unemployment rate of over 40 percent and an average wage of 423 euros. Shadow economy and bureaucracy are what thrives.
Mevludin Oric, who survived the mass shooting of his fellow near the Drina River, has long been settled in the Bosnian-Croat part of the country. Safe from his point of view. Where he comes from in Srebrenica, the ethnic Serbs are in charge, however, two decades after the massacre again.