It is a significant decision at the UN Climate Conference in Morocco: At least 45 countries want to switch their energy supply to renewable energies. The meeting ends euphorically.
They consider themselves the most vulnerable to climate change. For years now, 43 countries that have joined together in the “Climate Vulnerable Forum” (CVF) are trying to make a promise to the global community: the renouncement of coal, oil and natural gas.
Now they go forward themselves. At the UNO Climate Conference in Marrakesh, the CVF states will present an extraordinary resolution on Friday: the 43 and other stakeholders want to switch their energy supply to renewable energies as soon as possible.
By 2020 at the latest, they want to rewrite their national climate goals. The aim was to slow global warming to 1.5 degrees above the level of the 19th century. The concept of the CVF countries is by far the most ambitious climate plan in the world.
Tipping point of an energy revolution
These are poorer countries from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the South Seas, as well as at least two other countries that are not part of the CVF network, which are still to be announced. It is possible that even more countries would come together, the organizers of the initiative said at the Marrakech meeting.
All of these countries are concerned about the threat of droughts and storms, particularly as a result of the rise in sea level, which may exacerbate the effects of the expected warming.
“This is finally an announcement without a back door,” says the climate expert of “Bread for the World”, Sabine Minninger, the decision of the 45 countries. The global energy market is now being controlled by the potential victims of climate change.
Wael Hmaidan from the environmental organization Climate Action Network describes the initiative of the CVF states as a “very strong message”. It marks “the tipping point of an energy revolution”, says Jessy Tolkan from the environmental network Purpose Climate Lab.
Euphoric Uno Declaration
The United Nations decides its climate change in Marrakech on Friday with a partly euphoric sounding statement: “An extraordinary momentum” in the fight against climate change is reached, the draft concluding statement of the conference, which is to be published on Fridays afternoon.
The task was to build on the world’s climate change, to intensify the climate of all states steadily before 2020. This requirement has now been met by the 43 CVF countries and their partner countries. They filled the climax with life, says Minninger.
The energies of the pioneer countries are to be enabled by industrialized countries. The Climate Treaty provides for annual aid of $ 100 billion to mitigate the effects of climate change. Western companies should deliver the technology.
Money from Germany
At the climatic conference in Marrakesh, Germany has increased its climate aid for poor countries by 50 million; In total, it plans to provide four billion euros a year from 2020 onwards. “It is a good tradition that Germany pays fresh money to the important adjustment fund at the annual climate conference”, praises Jan Kowalzig, from the aid organization Oxfam.
Poor and wealthy states are hoping for advantages: some need technology to improve their living conditions with cheap energy. The others want to expand sales markets for energy technology. “A solar panel is cheap, can be set up in every village, and it can be used by people from energy poverty,” says Minninger.
What makes Trump?
However, a major contributor to climate change is likely to fail – which could make the implementation of the agreement considerably more difficult. The new US President, Donald Trump, had announced before the election to withdraw from the climate agreement and to stop payments.
The outgoing US government set a last powerful signal in Marrakech: it presents ambitious climate change in the US until the middle of the century.
The greenhouse gas emissions of the country are to be reduced by one-fifth compared to 2005 by 2050, according to the “decarbonisation strategy”, which is to be decided in December. Whether it can exist, the Trump government decides.