We all have trust to antibiotics in some way although almost all the doctors state excessive use of it can cause terrible damages in the body almost in all media channels. Sometimes the things we use to benefit from may damage the necessary tissues or bacteria in our body which the antibiotics is one of them. Microbiota is available in organisms which are formed with the gathering of several microorganisms. Gut is one of our organs which hosts microbiota that is formed almost with 100 trillion of the microorganisms in our body and antibiotics somehow manage to kill of them to cause an infection.
Although antibiotics help us treat different infections which need a more ‘aggressive’ approach, it’s a vicious circle as antibiotics lead to infections by killing gut bacteria.
Our organism contains all sorts of cells including bacteria that is usually considered to be harmful but it is absolutely necessary in helping our bodies to properly function. For example we have bacteria in our gut, which helps with the digestive process, fermenting carbohydrates and absorbing fat acids.
Microbiota is found in both humans and animals and it’s made up of a multitude of microorganisms. It is estimated that the human gut has about 100 trillion microorganisms which facilitate digestion.
Unfortunately, when we’re taking an antibiotic treatment, it might affect our liver. More precisely, it prevents it from producing bile acid. The primary bile acid usually produced by the liver transforms into secondary bile acid in the large intestine. Lack of bile acid can kill the bacteria which can lead to infection and can cause digestive problems.
In a recent study conducted by a team of researchers at the University of North Carolina, scientists discovered by doing tests on mice, that even one course of antibiotics can influence the gut microbiota in becoming more vulnerable. If the microbiota is more vulnerable it means it is more prone to infections produced by Clostridium difficile bacteria. These bacteria can cause the inflammation of the large intestine, cause diarrhea and even mimic symptoms of the flu.
The process goes like this: the primary bile acid produced by our liver from cholesterol enters the large intestines and becomes secondary bile acid which fights against the C.difficile. The problem is that infections caused by the C.difficile are antibiotics-resistant. Therefore, it is recommended that we prevent these infections instead of trying to treat them.
In case your doctor prescribes you an antibiotic treatment you should ask, unless he or she already told you about it, for a probiotic. A probiotic counters the negative effects of the antibiotic by rejuvenating your intestinal flora and therefore helping your liver create bile acid to fight against the bad bacteria. Probiotics can be taken after the antibiotic treatment but also during the treatment.