Today, 13th March, is designated as the World Sleep Day. And it would not be out of place to discuss today the sleep related disorders that are fast emerging as major sources of public health issues. It requires more awareness about sleep disorders as it may give rise to several health-related issues such as diabetes, obesity, and heart ailments.
Medical experts are of the opinion that sleep deprivation can adversely affect brain function, metabolism, the immune system, and hormonal balance. They add that sleep deprivation for three days consecutively may increase the fatty acids level in the blood which in turn may decrease the ability of insulin to control blood sugar level. It may ultimately lead to diabetes.A person likely to be afflicted with diabetes becomes susceptible to fractured sleep for some time, and later on it leads to hypertension, and heart diseases.
As per the endocrinologist K.D.Modi, Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a sleep disorder under which the person affected with it has pauses in breathing during the sleep. In India, the cause of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS) is mainly obesity. Obese persons of all age groups and both sexes are four times more susceptible to OSA than normal ones. Many times, it has been observed that hypothyroidism, a secondary cause of obesity, also comes after an individual gets affected by OSA. According to Randeep Guleri, Professor and head of Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders at AIIMS, the sleep disorders have been spreading like an epidemic due to the increasing stress all over the world. The stress is the result commonly of the increasing work pressure, and growing ambitions, he adds.