As per the Syrian National Coalition representative to the U.N., Najib Ghadbian, the war against Jihadists in Syria led by the U.S. is destined to fail in the absence of a comprehensive peace plan. He said that the war against ISIS, IS or ISIL which has captured a large chunk of territory both in Syria and Iraq cannot succeed unless the Security Council comes out with a comprehensive and inclusive action plan.
The necessity for this type of initiatives and peace plan has come to the fore yesterday, just ahead of a UN Security Council meet in which Staffan de Mistura, the envoy, has to present a report on his initiatives and efforts undertaken during his seven month tenure. De Mistura has been striving to make President Assad agree on a peace plan and “freezing” of the fighting especially in the northern city of Aleppo that have been partly controlled by the regime and partly by the rebels. This freezing of fighting is expected to facilitate delivery of goods and services to the war ravaged people of the region, and laying of the foundation stone for establishment of peace and tranquility not only in this area but also in the entire country. However, the proposal has made little headway since it has been mooted in October last year.
Ghabdian while talking to journalists revealed that the proposal not yielding results; there is no need wasting time on it. He further added that De Mistura should come up at the Security Council with his clear cut findings as to who is responsible for the failure of this diplomatic effort. The war in Syria will enter the fifth year in the next month, and has caused massive sufferings to humans. More than 210000 people are estimated to have been killed, and nearly 12 million have been displaced in Syria. Nearly 3.8 million people have taken refuge in neighboring countries.
In 2012, Syrian opposition and the regime had agreed to the Geneva Communiqué calling for a political transition for the end of violence, but the agreement hit the road block on the role of Assad in the transition. De Mistura has acknowledged and underlined the role of President Assad in the future prospects of the country. Assad has long been demanding to be included as a partner in the coalition formed to fight the Islamic State, and he considers the US-led war against jihadists as vindication of his own military action. Ghabdian has underlined the staying power of Assad, but he admitted, Assad is becoming more and more dependent on Iran and Hezbollah for supply of fighters, and on Russia which buffers him from the international pressure.
The envoy Staffan de Mistura hints at Russia and Iran as key players due to their influence on Syria in a political solution to the issue.