President Donald Trump signed a proclamation on October 18, which will permanently restrict access to the United States by people from Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen, and officials from government of Venezuela, to punish their deficient collaboration in matters of security.
The 16-page proclamation issued by the White House tonight replaces the blanket ban on six Muslim-majority countries that Trump ordered through an executive order last March.
According to the executive order, restrictions on entry to immigrants from six Muslim countries expired today, while restrictions on refugees around the world will expire on 24 October, although the Administration also draws up new guidelines for them.
It is the administration’s third attempt to restrict certain immigrants’ access to the country, although it apparently does not stop a pending case before the Supreme Court against the Muslim ban, which will hold its first hearing on October 10.
During a conference call with journalists, senior officials from the Trump Administration explained that, following a “global” review of US security threats, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) approved “hard” and “precise” to safeguard national security.
According to the DHS, the security practices of listed countries are “inadequate”, such as their protocols to prevent document fraud; data exchange, and other risk factors.
The restrictions will be applied in a staggered manner and vary from country to country: US will allow Iranians to enter student exchanges, but will further review those who enter tourism visas, and citizens of Somalia will only be able to enter non- immigrants
In the case of Venezuela, travel restrictions will only apply to certain senior leaders of the government of Nicolás Maduro and their families, they said.
The inclusion of Venezuela, Chad, and North Korea is because “those governments simply are not meeting our basic security requirements,” one of the officials said.
“Venezuela was included in the list because we considered that it did not cooperate in verifying whether its citizens pose a threat to national or public security, did not adequately share information with the US regarding public security and terrorism, and as you know, it is a recalcitrant country, “another official stressed.
“Venezuela does not cooperate fully with respect to receiving its nationals who are subject to final deportation orders,” and that is an “important issue” for the US, because countries often say they do not accept nationals because they can not confirm their identity, another official said
“This is a big red alert for the US. If a country can not identify its own citizens, we are concerned about the fact that they send their citizens (to the US), and our ability to identify them on entering, “added the official, although he could not specify cases in which Venezuela has rejected deported.